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Long Firm Fraud

The Kray Twins – Dead But Not Forgotten?


Credit managers throughout the United Kingdom have reported that there has been an increase in “long firm” frauds in the last few months. This type of

fraud was created by the Kray twins in the East End of London in the early 1960s and was the mainstay of their criminal empire. These types of frauds are generally run over a “long” period thus the first part of the name. The second part of the name comes from the Kray’s gang who were known as the “Firm”.  A “long firm” fraud is where a fraudster sets up a business and pretends that they are a bona-fide trader who will pay accounts on demand. This induces manufacturers and wholesalers to supply goods on credit when in fact there is no intention to make payment. The fraudulent concern is normally a limited company that has been purchased online from formation agents. The company is registered with Companies House with the directors being bogus often lodging false accounts to show a couple of years of successful trading when in fact the company has only been trading a matter of weeks. In other cases sole trader or partnership businesses are used for the scam.

Any marketable commodity can be the subject of fraud although certain goods are preferred because they are not easily traceable. Toys, toiletries, wines & spirits, fancy goods, confectionery and building materials all have a quick turnover and can be disposed of easily. High value audio/visual products, computer products/components and peripherals printer cartridges, mobile phones, furniture and high-class merchandise including clothing, branded accessories and sports goods are often the subject of these frauds too. It is fairly apparent in a number of cases that the fraud has been executed with a specific shopping list in mind to cater for the demand from existing outlets.

The fraudsters visit Trade Shows throughout the UK and Europe with a view to opening accounts and obtaining goods on credit. Telephone sales have increased dramatically over the years due to constraints on all businesses to deliver quickly and move the business forward and fraudsters have taken full advantage of this. They also use the internet as it removes direct contact with the supplier and the traditional benefits of customer contact – i.e. speaking to an individual who sounds unprofessional, or who does not understand the product and price relationship. The size and type of premises they operate from will depend on the quantity and category of goods and services to be handled. With goods that turnover very quickly such as beer, wine, and spirits, all that is needed is enough room to unload. In most cases, regardless of the commodity, the goods do not stay on the premises very long. Premises where the good are to be delivered are generally rented on a short term basis. Extreme care should always be taken when dealing with businesses operating from accommodation addresses. It is widely known that accommodation addresses tend to provide cover or a base for a cross section of criminal activity, not just white collar crime. Long firm fraud is organised crime on a large scale and in most cases is drugs related and have been know to fund terrorist activities in the past.

How can you prevent being a victim in a long firm fraud?

  • By putting a few simple measures in place businesses can reduce their chances of being the victim of a fraudster.

Check out the Customer

    • Always treat newly-formed firms with suspicion
    • Identify the directors/partners
    • Obtain details of who trades with them
    • How long have they been in business?
    • How long have they traded from the present and past business addresses?
    • Are the premises owned or leased.
    • Are the premises occupied? Fraudsters often only occupy their business premises when they are expecting a delivery.
    • Visit the premises or arrange for a local agent to visit them for you. Fraudsters deliberately target suppliers who are not local to the business to avoid such visits.
    • Have the directors/partners been involved in any previous business? If so, obtain details of involvement, number of years traded, previous references, bankers premises etc.
    • If the trader has been a long-established customer, beware of rapid change in personal and trading contacts. These may indicate the company has changed ownership.
    • Consider the type and range of goods traded in.
    • Cold calling on the new customer’s premises adds an extra safeguard. It will give you a feel for the customer. It also allows you to gain first hand knowledge – identify persons involved – confirm the main line of the business and the type, range and quality of goods held.
    • Checks with the landlord of the premises and neighbouring businesses will confirm the length of occupancy.
    • Are the premises large enough for the proposed business?
    • Are the premises being used mainly as a delivery point?
    • Visit references to authenticate background knowledge, previous trade and confirm reliability.

Protect Your Financial Position

      • Ask for part payment in advance
      • Make part deliveries
      • Ask for personal guarantees
      • Be wary of supplying additional orders if previous payment not received
      • If your salesperson / business representative has personally attended at the premises and is of the opinion that the proprietor or business appears suspect, take advice and supply only on a cash basis, if at all!
      • Ensure the sales and credit control functions liaise regularly


Fraudsters are devious, cunning and plausible. Don’t believe all you are told without checking first.

By putting a few simple measures in place, you can reduce the opportunities for the fraudster to operate

Important Changes to Late Payment Legislation



The Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998 has been updated by the Late Payment of Commercial Debts Regulations 2013 which was adopted by England, Wales & Northern Ireland on 16th March 2013 and The Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Scotland) Regulations 2013 which came into force on 29 March 2013.

The Act continues to apply to contracts for the supply of goods or services where the customer is either a business or public authority and still imposes a statutory rate of interest of 8% over Bank of England Base on late payments unless the parties have agreed a substantial remedy. The Act has been amended so as to:-

Impose maximum payment periods.

If no payment terms are agreed, the default period remains at 30 days. However, payment terms must not exceed 60 days unless both parties agree and the extension is not grossly unfair. In the case of the Public Sector payment must be made within 30 calendar days of receiving the invoice.

Limit the amount of time a purchaser has to verify goods or services.

Where required, a procedure or verification period for goods or services must not exceed 30 days unless agreed and not grossly unfair to the creditor.

Increase the amount of payment enforcement costs a supplier can recover

Suppliers were already able to claim a fixed sum of between £40-£100 (dependent on the size of the debt) under the existing legislation to compensate them for the costs of recovering late payments.  The changes introduce the additional right for a supplier to claim the difference between the reasonable costs it incurs in debt recovery (eg for appointing a debt recovery company or lawyer) and that fixed sum.